Home

Physical therapy after ACL surgery

PHASE I: IMMEDIATE POST-OP (0-2 WEEKS AFTER SURGERY) Rehabilitation Goals • Protect graft • Reduce swelling, minimize pain • Restore patellar mobility • Restore full extension, gradually improve flexion • Minimize arthrogenic muscle inhibition, re-establish quad control, regain full active extension • Patient educatio Physical Therapy for ACL Recovery It typically takes 8 to 12 months to heal completely from having an ACL surgically repaired. You will need to rest and allow your knee to heal for the first couple of weeks after your surgery. After that it is likely that you will need physical therapy for ACL recovery Petroski Physio offers the best physical therapy exercises for ACL & UCL reconstruction surgery. We offer Achilles rupture physical therapy, exercise precautions after ACL Reconstruction Surgery, ACL reconstruction exercises. Call us at (215) 576-4796 to know more

ACL reconstruction rehabilitation - First 4 weeks after

Russ Paine, PT explains the third phase of physical therapy after ACL injury, including running on a treadmill, jumprope, ladder drills for footwork and spor.. Physical Therapy and Full Extension Outpatient physical therapy will be arranged during the first postoperative office visit. Continue doing the quadriceps isometrics, SLR, active flexion, and active-assisted extension exercises therapist will work with the patient to help set up a progessive home exercise program if it is necessary. it is recommended the patient join a health club/gym at this point to maximize rehab potential. phase iv: ~8-­‐12 weeks postoperative goals Sessions with a physical therapist usually begin seven to 14 days after surgery. During physical therapy, weight bearing is allowed if you did not have a meniscus repair. A range of motion of 0 to 140 degrees is a good goal for the first two months. Don't work your quadriceps early on because this can stretch the ACL graft

Physical Therapy Exercises After ACL Reconstruction Surger

  1. All athletes will undergo six to twelve months of physical therapy. The post-operative physical therapy can be divided into five phases. During the first phase, the rehabilitative goals include protecting the healing graft, improving range of motion, decreasing swelling and regaining leg muscle control. It is especially important to regain full extension very early post-operatively. When the knee is fully extended (straight) the ACL sits against th
  2. After ACL injury, regardless of whether surgery will take place or not, physiotherapy management focuses on regaining range of movement, strength, proprioception and stability. PRICE should be used in order to reduce swelling and pain, to attempt full range of motion and to decrease joint effusion
  3. Physical Therapy After ACL Surgery. After ACL reconstruction surgery, you'll do physical therapy until you get back to your normal level of activity. For most patients at Shelbourne Knee Center, this takes about four to six months. Physical therapy focuses on regaining full range of motion, which helps relieve knee pain, and strengthening your knee

Best Physical Therapy Exercises For ACL & UCL

Physical Therapy Evaluation after an ACL Tear If you have torn your ACL, your doctor may refer you to physical therapy to help you regain normal mobility. Your first appointment in physical therapy is called an initial evaluation, and during this session your PT will collect information about your condition to help devise a treatment plan Cold Therapy: Helps soothe pain and decrease inflammation Use ice or frozen peas or corn (not a cold pack - they aren't cold enough!) and apply directly to skin or in a pillow case, nothing thicker. Make sure to cool all areas of the knee - the outside where the incision is, the front, and the inside

The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy. 2011; 41(10):758-66. [pubmed] (2) Kim KM, Croy T, Hertel J, Saliba S. Effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction on quadriceps strength, function, and patient-oriented outcomes: a systematic review Having ACL surgery is a big commitment. It is a painful procedure with a long-anticipated recovery. As doctors of sports physical therapy and performance enhancement specialists, we know all of you have one goal in mind, returning to sports or an active lifestyle after ACL surgery. The big mistake after ACL surgery Physical Therapy; Manual Therapy; Orthopedic Joint Manipulation; Therapeutic Exercise; Kinesio Taping; Progressive Resistance Training; Dry Needling; Cupping; Electrical Stimulation Therapy; Ergonomic Training; Joint Mobilization; After ACL Surgery. Move Your Knee Freely Once Again, After ACL Surgery. Bracing after ACL surgery is purely dependent on patient and surgeon preference. Some surgeons never use bracing, some always use a brace, and others just use a brace during the immediate post-operative or rehabilitation phases. This topic still remains the subject of much debate in sports medicine literature

ACL Tears – Surgical Reconstruction | Dr

Begin Physical Therapy within 1 week of ACL reconstruction surgery. Regaining knee extension and quad activation should be prioritized initially, to ensure optimal recovery. Arthrofibrosis can form within 6-12 weeks, which means the formation of scar tissue Recovering from ACL surgery includes rest, physical therapy, and progressive return to activities. Sticking to your rehabilitation plan and attending all of your follow-up appointments are crucial.

Physical Therapy After ACL Surgery (3/4) - YouTub

After ACL Surgery Patient Education UCSF Healt

Some doctors recommend the use of a supportive brace for 1-2 years after ACL surgery. ACL Surgery Recovery Tips. Being proactive in your recovery may help you heal as quickly as possible, experience less pain, and return more quickly to your previous activity level. Be Patient During Physical Therapy. It can be tempting, especially for athletes. If you've recently had ACL surgery, exercises are an important part of your recovery, in addition to a physical therapy program. These Level 1 exercises should be done for 1-4 weeks after surgery. The goal of these exercises is to regain neuromuscular control of the quadriceps, strengthen the hip and maintain knee and ankle range of motion on. treatment may be the best option. In the case of an isolated ACL tear with no other ligamentous or cartilage involvement, the associated pain and dysfunction can be successfully treated with physical therapy. The initial course of treatment in physical therapy includes rest, anti-inflammatory measures and activity modification Feehley Physical Therapy - See A PT After ACL Surgery | Facebook What not to do after ACL surgery? Do NOT over ice your knee. Do NOT ice your knee for longer than 20 minutes at a time, WHY? Icing your knee for longer than 20 minutes can damage your nerve endings surround the knee. It's essential to ice your knee at least 3-5 times daily, especially after physical therapy

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Rehabilitation - Physiopedi

  1. ACL Surgery Recovery Timeline:12-16 weeks. Have full knee range of motion. If there is any knee extension restriction of 5 degree or less than 110 degrees flexion, see your physical therapist and surgeon. Your normal gait pattern should be returned ( your natural walking mechanics)
  2. g(55) and gait patterns(13). In fact, strength and proprioceptive alterations occur in both the injured and uninjured limb(10,21,52,55). The primary impairment with an ACL deficient knee is instability
  3. There are 5 main goals that Physical Therapy will try to accomplish during the rehabilitation process to return you to the field or to your previous active lifestyle: PT Goal #1: Protect the Reconstructed ACL. Immediately after having surgery to reconstruct your ACL, the graft will be stronger than your original ACL
  4. After ACL reconstruction surgery, you'll do physical therapy until you get back to your normal level of activity. For most patients at Shelbourne Knee Center, this takes about four to six months. Physical therapy focuses on regaining full range of motion, which helps relieve knee pain, and strengthening your knee

With ACL reconstruction, what you do before surgery can significantly speed your recovery. Speak with your physical therapist before surgery, and ideally participate in therapy to regain some motion. PT can also bolster your strength, control swelling, and refine your neuromuscular control Approximately 200 000 ACL injuries occur annually in the United States, leading to nearly 100 000 ACL reconstruction surgeries, one of the most common orthopaedic surgeries, which has expectations of excellent outcomes. 26, 73, 85, 105, 112, 150, 171, 175 The surgical procedure is one aspect of a successful outcome after ACL reconstruction. For a week after ACL surgery the patient is walking remarkably well, to avoid all this negativism that's generated in the interaction between the therapist and the patient Getting back to squatting after an ACL surgery can be a humbling experience. The talk in your head might be: I used to do 3x as much. However, you have to let it go. It's this mentality that will have you frustrated and make the rehab extra long

Sports-specific cutting and pivoting exercises are likely to start five to six months after surgery. Six to Eight Months. After six months (or longer), the physical therapist may administer a series of functional tests: agility tests, vertical jump tests, hop tests, etc. These tests are designed to determine the level of recovery and see if. Should I go to physical therapy before my ACL reconstruction surgery? This is a question I have been asked a lot. When we have torn our ACLs and are preparing for surgery we wonder if it would be beneficial to go to physical therapy before the knee surgery. Common sense may lead us to believe that there is no ACL surgery rehab that can be done if we are yet to have the surgery Your orthopedic surgeon will want you to be in physical therapy two to three times per week for the first several weeks following surgery. Post-ACL Surgery Timeline Illustration of ACL reconstructive surgery technique. Typically, it takes six to nine months to return to sport after ACL reconstructive surgery. Image courtesy of Wikipedia Week 0. But there's more to healing beyond physical therapy. If you are experiencing swelling months after an ACL surgery, eating an anti-inflammatory diet, icing the area frequently, wearing a bandage or wrap, and focusing on certain herbs that can naturally reduce swelling and pain can be great additions to your rehab

Arthroscopic knee surgery: What you need to know | Dr

Physical Therapy in Norfolk, NE. Always check with your physical therapist to ensure that your recovery after an ACL surgery is on track and that you are doing appropriate exercises that will support rehabilitation. To learn post-surgery physical therapy and rehabilitation, call Norfolk Physical Therapy at (402) 371-9707 today! Posted on. ACL injuries are one of the world's most common sporting knee injuries. They can be devastating and affect you for the foreseeable future. Treatment such as physical therapy is vital to ensure the best possible outcomes from any type of ACL injuries. Below will be a comprehensive guide about what ACL injuries are, how they [

Physical therapy techniques emphasizing an enhancement of neuromuscular activity and eccentric exercises to specifically address quadriceps muscle weakness following ACL reconstruction surgery can effectively restore knee joint stability, restore prior level of function and prevent early onset osteoarthritis of the knee After your first 1-2 weeks of surgery, your knee should start to feel more comfortable and you should be able to tolerate more exercise in physical therapy. During this phase you will continue to protect your recent ACL graft in PT by gradually progressing your knee flexion (bending) range of motion while maintaining full knee extension.

Meniscus, MCL partial and ACL full tear as an athlete at 13, surgery at 24 when other meniscus tore and now have sustained a second, 2 part repair after ACL became essentially non-functioning at an unknown or un-remembered point in time (cartilage transplant was needed first and was successful) Quality and variability of online available physical therapy protocols from academic orthopaedic surgery programs for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Arthroscopy . 2016 ; 32: 1612- 1621 Brandsson et al 4 evaluated the use of a rehabilitative brace for 3 weeks versus no brace after ACL surgery. Fifty-two patients were randomly assigned to the two groups. Randomization method was not discussed. Patients in Group A wore a rehabilitation brace 24 hours per day including during therapy sessions Move Around: Two to Four Weeks After ACL Surgery. About two weeks after surgery, you will be able to start putting some weight on your knee. Your doctor will probably fit you for a knee brace to wear for a few weeks. You will also begin physical therapy between two and four weeks after surgery. RELATED: ACL Tear Symptoms and Treatment Option

ACL rehabilitation patient, Marcus, runs for the first time after undergoing ACL and meniscus tear surgery. [Name and video are used with written permission from the patient.] ACL injuries are most common during sports that require sudden stops, pivots, or changes in direction, such as football, basketball, tennis, volleyball, and soccer The first step in treating someone with motion loss of ACL reconstruction is avoiding loss of motion during the early phases of rehabilitation. It is extremely important to find a good physical therapist and to start therapy soon after surgery. This will include specific exercises, stretches, and manual therapy to assure your knee and. THE HIGHEST INCIDENCE OF KNEE STIFFNESS OCCURS IF ACL SURGERY IS PERFORMED WHEN THE KNEE IS SWOLLEN, PAINFUL, AND HAS A LIMITED RANGE OF MOTION. The risk of developing a stiff knee after surgery can be significantly reduced if the surgery is • Make arrangements with a physical therapist for post-operative rehabilitatio Unlock brace the day after surgery. If a meniscus repair was involved, restrict weight bearing to 25% for 4 weeks. At 4 weeks, full weight bearing as tolerated. Primary goal is to achieve terminal knee extension and good quad control. Acute Phase (5 days - 2 weeks): Begin Physical Therapy 5 days postoperatively for 3 sessions per week

Clinical monitoring of knee joint effusion/swelling using

CORE Physical Therapy in Omaha Explains By Dr. Mark Rathjen PT DPT CSCS. Omaha, NE. After an ACL reconstruction utilizing the semitendonosis we see there is a significant reducing in eccentric muscle strength during testing. Using the gold standard testing of the hams with the nordic hamstring exercise, we the testing of 52 subjects Rehab 6 month to 1-year after an ACL surgery is critical for the ACL graft to heal properly. During this time, insurance companies usually stop covering physical therapy visits. However, at 6 months post-ACL surgery, you still have impairments in your knee function. The ACL is still healing at 6-months For mild tears or strains of the ACL, physical therapy and conservative treatment methods may be enough. But for more severe tears, ACL reconstruction surgery is often necessary. Doctors most often use arthroscopic surgery (a procedure in which your doctor inserts small tools and a camera through minor incisions) to repair the ACL

Physical Therapy After ACL Surgery SHELBOURNE KNEE CENTE

A typical golfer post ACL surgery could be back on the golf course as soon as six months following surgery — if the golfer works with a surgeon and Physical Therapist and follows the plan of care. The main goals of the first week post-surgery deal with controlling swelling, pain, and getting patients to start moving as soon as possible Physical Therapist. The ACL is one of four ligaments that helps to stabilize the knee. It is most commonly injured during quick stopping and twisting motions of the knee with the foot planted on the ground. Surgery can be performed to repair or reconstruct the damaged ligament. In many cases, ACL surgery is the best option for treatment Physical therapy is a crucial component of treatment for an ACL injury. Both before and after ACL surgery, working with a physical therapist who has expertise and experience helping patients who have torn their ACLs can make a significant difference in the amount of time it takes to recover from this injury. — Dr

Physical Therapy: You should start Physical Therapy within 1-2 weeks after surgery. Several months of formal Physical Therapy and a devoted home exercise program are essential in order to achieve a good outcome for your knee. Please give a copy of this ACL Rehabilitation Protocol to your therapist. Follow Up Beischer, Susanne, et al. Young Athletes Who Return to Sport Before 9 Months After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Have a Rate of New Injury 7 Times That of Those Who Delay Return. journal of orthopaedic & sports physical therapy 50.2 (2020): 83-90

Physical Therapy After an ACL Tear in Your Kne

Physical Therapy in Lithonia for Knee . Welcome to Advanced Physical Therapy & Sports Medicine Clinic's patient resource about Hamstring Tendon Graft Reconstruction of the ACL. When the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee is torn or injured, surgery may be needed to replace it. There are many different ways to do this operation Therapy. Physical therapy after ACL surgery improves range of motion. It involves massage, ice packs, and light range of motion. Be conservative and consistent. Don't force your dog to do exercises they are unwilling to do. But gradually increase the intensity of the PT as your dog allows Purpose: Reduced ability to contract the quadriceps muscles is often found immediately following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery. This can lead to muscle atrophy and decreased function. Application of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be a useful adjunct intervention to ameliorate these deficits following ACL surgery Dr. Thomas Deberardino answered. 32 years experience Orthopedic Surgery. Physical therapy-Yes: Physical therapy is routinely recommended for most patients after undergoing knee surgery from arthroscopy to knee replacement The ACL stabilizes your knee so it doesn't wobble forward. Unfortunately, ACL injuries and tears afflict nearly 200,000 people a year, half of whom need knee surgery and subsequent ACL recovery exercises. Working with your physical therapist on any MCL or ACL exercises is important for physical therapy after knee surgery—and can prepare you.

Physical Therapy after Cruciate Ligament Repair - Ellicott

A comprehensive, in person one-on-one physical therapy, and recently added telehealth or telemedicine programs for our patients. Our specialty-trained professionals work hand-in-hand with trusted physicians in Columbia MD, Ellicott City MD, Elkridge MD, Clarksville MD, Jessup MD, Laurel MD, or any city around Howard County Maryland Each veterinarian seems to have their own theories regarding how soon physical therapy should be started after ccl surgery and what techniques work best. Other veterinary surgeons will write off physical therapy all together, preferring for the dog to remain quiet for the first 6-8 weeks after the repair, gradually returning to exercise How much physical therapy usually is needed after the surgery? ANSWER: Strictly speaking, physical therapy is not required before you have surgery to repair a torn ACL. But studies have shown that it can be beneficial. Physical therapy after surgery is necessary to restore full functioning, and it usually lasts about 12 weeks. Ligaments are. The key to improve knee flexion after surgery is gently pushing into that uncomfortable range and trying to progressively increase the amount of time you spend there with each successive day.. What may feel tight and uncomfortable today should hopefully feel less restrictive tomorrow! But as any good physical therapist will tell you - each day is a new day

In the Patient's Shoes: My ACL Reconstruction Journey as a

Like what your doctor may say to you were you to have ACL surgery, follow-up and physical therapy are crucial in ensuring your knee repairs itself as best as possible and prevents another injury. Veterinarian offices offer physical therapy for dogs post-surgery as a way to strengthen their injured knees Staying on track with my exercises after ACL surgery was very challenging! With the daily exercise videos and checklists, Curovate was a huge help. The app made rehabilitation part of my everyday life. Ask us anything about our app, surgery, recovery, or physical therapy by emailing us at info@curovate.com. Whether or not you choose to proceed with surgery, your Physical Therapist and Athletic Trainers will be essential to guiding you properly. This will be the second in our series of posts where Athletic Trainers and Physical Therapy experts who work with ACL injured athletes each and everyday answer your most common ACL questions

Surgery helps to ensure the ligament heals as it should, but surgery is just part of the equation to getting back to full health. Physical therapy also plays a significant role in your recovery after an ACL tear. Below, we take a closer look at how physical therapy helps during the four phases of recovery after an ACL injury Components of a physical therapy treatment plan after an ACL tear include, but are not limited to: Pain control: Your physical therapist can use various treatment techniques to help decrease your knee pain. Ice packs may be used to decrease swelling, and occasionally TENS may be used on your knee to decrease the pain that you are feeling Physical therapy tips for recovery from ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) reconstruction surgery can be critical to your recovery. What you need to know.. Plus the physical therapist can advise the patient about postoperative instructions and common mistakes other patients make. Also read: Reinjury more likely among athletes after ACL surgery Surgery, rehab often not enough after ACL injury. Finally, there also seems to be proof that return to play might be faster with a prehab program

10 weeks after my Patellar Tendon Repair - YouTube

Walking After an ACL Surgery. Healing times will vary from one person to the next, depending on age, medical history and lifestyle. Typically around 3-4 weeks after surgery, physical therapists will have patients work on shifting weight from one foot to the other (called ambulation) You should schedule your regular outpatient physical therapy well in advance. Therapy will begin the day after surgery. You will be attend physical therapy 3 times/week for the first 2 to 4 weeks, then 1-2 times/week thereafter until discharge, depending on your level of function and capabilities

Exercise After Knee Replacement Surgery

Adrian Peterson is now going to be the poster-boy for return to sports after ACL surgery after tearing up the league and winning NFL MVP just months after having ACL reconstruction surgery. While, AP is definitely the exception, not the rule, the postoperative rehabilitation is a huge factor in determining how well people recover from surgery Five years after treatment, half of the early rehab group did not need the surgery at all. Regardless of whether ACL patients elect to have surgery, or to pursue conservative treatment, physical therapy plays a key role in restoring knee function, increasing an athlete's chances of returning to play after ACL rupture Pre-Surgical Physical Therapy; Post-Surgical Rehab; Sports Injuries; TMJ Dysfunction; Total Joint Replacement; Work Injuries; SERVICES. Aquatic Therapy; Concussion Management; Cupping; After ACL Surgery. Move Your Knee Freely Once Again, After ACL Surgery. May 17 th 2021. View Fullscreen. Quick Links. Patient Info / forms; Our Location.

Pain after Total Knee Replacement, Knee Doctor Louisville KYSurviving The Post-Op: After Your Dog's ACL/CCL Surgery

I had successful ACL surgery last july 11th, i went through about two months or more of strong therapy, still going to the gym sometimes to do it myself. But lately i've been playing basketball, and I know it's unadvised, but i've been careful and haven't been running. It wus all fine but I noticed my knee has been making a cracking sound the past week After knee surgery, patients will lose considerable mobility and flexibility. A restored ACL or knee cap, for example, can cause significant pain during movement. Without physical therapy, the knee will be repaired, but the activity will be limited. Physical therapy uses massage and flexibility exercises to improve the long-term mobility of the. In 2016, a Cochrane systematic review compared conservative management after ACL tear to ACL reconstruction (ACLR). 1 The review concluded that ACLR did not show superior outcomes compared to conservative management up to five years after the initial injury. 1,2 Prior practice standards indicated ACLR based on age and activity level; younger patients generally had ACLR, and older individuals. Physical Therapy ACL Reconstruction . Post-Operative Therapy Plan . Primary Surgery: ACL Reconstruction ____ Autograft: hamstring / patellar tendon Week 34-40 (8-12 mo) Continued return to sport training Hop Testing LSI at 95% or better after fatigue protocol (Borg Scale 15 or greater) ___ Administer ACL-RSI, Score is: ____/120

After that, cover with standard adhesive bandages until wounds are fully healed. Patient to be seen Day One Post-Op. Remove bulky dressings. Leave steri-strips on; place occlusive dressing over all portals and incisions. Discard post-op immobilizer if issued. Issue and fit TROM brace if not given to paint at surgical center in ACL Reconstruction , General, Knee Surgery, Orthopedics, Physical Therapy, Sports Medicine. Our board-certified orthopedic surgeon is available to diagnose and reconstruct your ACL after a tear, and the on-site physical therapists can design and help you implement a rehabilitation plan,. General guidelines/considerations with driving after ACL surgery. We usually tell our patients a few things when they ask. First, we ask them if they've talked about it with their doctor. That is where the answer should come from. However, many doctors don't address it or say ask your physical therapist.. If that is the case, we first. Arthrofibrosis, also known as stiff knee syndrome, occurs when excessive scar tissue forms around a joint, limiting range of motion and causing pain and disability. It can be a complication of knee replacement or anterior cruciate ligament surgery, with infections and bleeding as known contributing factors. Of the roughly 720,000 knee replacements performed every year [ A 2021 study out of New Zealand looked at athletes 2 to 10 years after ACL surgery. Compared to athletes without an ACL injury, the post-surgical athletes had lower activity levels, quality of life, and greater fear of re-injury. Side-to-side thigh muscle (quads and hamstrings) differences were found in the post-surgical athletes Long-term results after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery aren't always perfect. But for the majority of patients, the outcome is favorable and patients are happy with the results. In this study, the authors take a look at knee joint range-of-motion 10 to 14 years after ACL reconstruction. They found that even a small decrease in knee motion (flexion or extension) can make a big.

  • الفرق بين بيض القمل والقشره.
  • دووم 2004.
  • طفلي عمره شهرين وفيه قمل.
  • منشور وزارة المالية بخصوص المرتبات.
  • اسم جولي بالانجليزي.
  • تربية سمك البلطي في المنزل.
  • علاج حصى الكلى مجرب.
  • تعريف vocal cords.
  • كرياتين HCL من مسل تك.
  • أقوى ديناصور في العالم.
  • فيلم تمبلداون.
  • اسماء البهارات مع الصور.
  • أربيل بالانجليزي.
  • حكم الديمقراطية في الإسلام.
  • فوائد الفوار للمسالك البولية.
  • كرة طاولة للبيع.
  • أنواع القيم الحضارية.
  • سبب لبس الدبلة في البنصر.
  • أنواع البنوك التجارية pdf.
  • معرفة نتائج القرعة الأمريكية 2021.
  • يد البلايستيشن لا تشحن.
  • حوادث الشرابية 2020.
  • معنى كلمة دنديط.
  • أفضل أفلام الأكشن 2014.
  • عملية إزالة غشاء القلب.
  • التعامل مع الطفل العنيد.
  • فورد تورس 2017.
  • تصميم مزرعة اكوابونيك.
  • أي الأدوات الأفضل التي تظهر تفاصيل كوكب المريخ.
  • سعر كارت الشاشة AMD Radeon R9 270X.
  • علاج البشرة الجافة.
  • أماكن مهجورة في الإمارات.
  • كريم الكورتيزون للتبييض.
  • مصر أيام السبعينات.
  • اغاني باربي بالعربيه.
  • الفلوجة أحياء.
  • جديد الشيخ علي القرني 2018.
  • فندق البرج جدة.
  • قصص جرائم مشهورة.
  • أسرع طريقة سلق الحمص اليابس.
  • أفكار زينة عيد ميلاد.